Authors Posts by Jay Prakash Kumar

Jay Prakash Kumar

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Technical writer, Editor at 'Professional Hackers India'. Software Developer, Security Expert and Penetration Tester.

WhatsApp seems set to be taking on Skype in a bigger way in coming weeks with the planned roll out of a video calling feature.
German blog Macerkopf.de has leaked screenshots of the WhatsApp video calling feature from private beta versions of the iPhone version of the app. Screenshots of the video calling feature show that users will be able to turn off the mic as well as flip the camera. The layout of video calls shows two windows, one each for the caller and the person who has received the call.

The report also says that the colour green will become more dominant in WhatsApp for iOS’ scheme. This will make the iPhone version of WhatsApp more consistent with the Android version.
WhatsApp will also get tabs for chats now, so users will not have to exit chats each time they switch between multiple conversations.
With this move, Facebook will have two messaging services offering similar features: Messenger and WhatsApp.
WhatsApp for iOS’ video calling feature is expected to be rolled out in the next few weeks; the app is also getting a new tabbed layout and green colour scheme.

Samsung agrees to pay Apple $548 million for copying its iPhone designs.
The smartphone industry is fiercely competitive, and Apple and Samsung are leaders in grappling to be the world’s number one. The two companies have been embroiled in a court case since 2011 when Apple accused Samsung of copying its design of the iPhone.

The dispute came to near-conclusion yesterday evening when the two rivals filed a joint statement with the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, which said Samsung agrees to complete its $548 million settlement to Apple.

However, this is part of a bigger $1 billion payment that the South Korean company was ordered to pay in 2012.

The amount was reduced when Samsung appealed it and got split into two parts – $548 million for the technology patents Apple says it copied and $382 million for reportedly copying packaging as well.

Apple’s founder Steve Jobs is quoted in his biography by Walter Isaacson as saying:

“I will spend my last dying breath if I need to, and I will spend every penny of Apple’s $40 billion in the bank, to right this wrong. I’m going to destroy Android, because it’s a stolen product. I’m willing to go to thermonuclear war on this.”

And it seems his wish is on the way to being fulfilled, albeit in a less dramatic sense. Samsung has agreed to pay the initial $548 million to Apple within 10 days of receiving an invoice, just four months before the case’s fifth anniversary. The second set of damages will be decided on by a jury in 2016.

Fans of the popular WhatsApp messaging app on Windows Phone can download a new update today, but it’s not currently clear what’s new. The change log in the Windows Store is an old one, so this may be a minor update for the app.

Officially, the new version number for WhatsApp on Windows Phone is 2.12.212. A couple of our readers have indicated that there is a new user interface for the camera and starred message support in this new version but we have been unable to confirm this. If you do notice these changes, and any others with the new WhatsApp update, please let us know in the comments and we will update the post.

Update: Here is what we know so far

Starring – You can now long press on a message to ‘star’ it, which is just a fancy way of saying favorite. Under Featured Messages you can see these bookmarked snippets

Camera interface updated for snapping photos within the app

Updated video and photo upload interface

Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of Facebook, has said that he will give 99% of his Facebook shares away in his lifetime.
Zuckerberg made the promise in an open letter to his newborn daughter, Max, on Facebook. He said he would dedicate 99% of his shares in Facebook to the following “missions”: personalised learning, curing disease, connecting people and building strong communities.
To do this, Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan have set up the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, a limited liability company — not a charity or charitable trust. Legal filings show that the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative is owned and controlled by Zuckerberg.
A spokesperson has confirmed to Buzzfeed that as a company, the Initiative can spend its money on whatever it wants — including private, profit-generating investment.
“The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative will pursue its mission by funding non-profit organizations, making private investments and participating in policy debates, in each case with the goal of generating positive impact in areas of great need,” the spokesperson said. “Any profits from investments in companies will be used to fund additional work to advance the mission.”
In November those investments have included:

* $20 million to help connect American classrooms to fast and reliable internet
* $5 million in MasteryConnect, a teaching software
* $5 million to TheDream.US to help undocumented immigrants, in San Francisco attend college
* $15 million in AltSchool, an education initiative focussing on personalised learning and technology
* $10 million in Bridge international acadamies
That’s a lot of education technology, an area aligned with Facebook’s mission of connecting people. It’s not exactly eradicating malaria.
Rather than marking him out as the exception, Zuckerberg’s pledge puts him in the same bracket as Bill Gates, who has also promised to give away 95% of his wealth to his private foundation, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and Warren Buffett, who has also promised 99% of his wealth to Bill and Melinda’s Foundation.

This morning, Telegram users on WhatsApp noticed something strange. The chat app was blocking any links to Telegram.me, a rival chat app that grew popular in the wake of earlier WhatsApp outages. The URLs still appeared as messages, but they did not register as hyperlinks and users were blocked from copying them to paste into another app — effectively treating them like malware or spam. The behavior wasn’t exhibited on every device but it was consistent within devices, blocking both usernames and links to individual messages or chat rooms.
Telegram confirmed the activity, which seems to have begun with a silent update pushed earlier this morning. The update has the same version number as a previously deployed update (2.12.367), but a Telegram volunteer confirmed that a new 367 update was deployed this morning. That update likely hasn’t reached every device using WhatsApp, which may explain why the block is not consistent across different devices. Testing revealed that the block also includes Telegram.com, an unrelated URL owned by a newspaper in Worcester, Massachusetts.
This morning, Telegram users on WhatsApp noticed something strange. The chat app was blocking any links to Telegram.me, a rival chat app that grew popular in the wake of earlier WhatsApp outages. The URLs still appeared as messages, but they did not register as hyperlinks and users were blocked from copying them to paste into another app — effectively treating them like malware or spam. The behavior wasn’t exhibited on every device but it was consistent within devices, blocking both usernames and links to individual messages or chat rooms.

Telegram confirmed the activity, which seems to have begun with a silent update pushed earlier this morning. The update has the same version number as a previously deployed update (2.12.367), but a Telegram volunteer confirmed that a new 367 update was deployed this morning. That update likely hasn’t reached every device using WhatsApp, which may explain why the block is not consistent across different devices. Testing revealed that the block also includes Telegram.com, an unrelated URL owned by a newspaper in Worcester, Massachusetts.

An example shared on /r/Telegram
Those link-blocks are a common tool at Facebook, which owns WhatsApp, although they’ve been controversial in the past. In 2010, Facebook faced criticism for blocking Pirate Bay links in the newly unveiled messaging system, after a long history of blocking similar apps on the News Feed. More recently, it drew criticism for blocking any mention of the social network Tsu.co, which pays users a percentage of its ad revenue for each post. But while those blocks are a regular occurrence within Facebook proper, this is the first major link-block we’ve seen from WhatsApp.

It remains to be seen whether the link is a purposeful move against Telegram or an unintentional glitch, but Telegram doesn’t seem worried. “Typically after a media backlash, FB steps back and blames their intelligent filtering for the problem,” a Telegram spokesperson said. “We expect the same to happen this time as well.” Facebook and WhatsApp did not respond to a request for comment; we will update with any response.

Microsoft Lumia 950 Dual SIM, Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM Launched in India
Microsoft, as promised, launched its first Windows 10 Mobile handsets – the Lumia 950 Dual SIM and Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM in India. The new Lumia flagships will be available from December 11 with ‘best buy’ prices of Rs. 43,699 and Rs. 49,399 respectively. Pre-order bookings start Monday, and the smartphones will be available to buy both online and via physical retail stores.

The Microsoft Display Dock, which has been launched at Rs. 5,999, will be bundled free with both phones while stocks last.

To recall, Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella announced at recently concluded Future Unveiled conference in Mumbai had announced plans to launch both its newly launched Windows 10 Mobile-powered handsets in India by December.
The company also showcased Windows 10 Continuum feature which makes smartphones essentially computers with a different operating system and interface. The two new Lumia handsets can be called mini-computers – in the traditional PC sense. With the Windows 10 Continuum feature, they can be hooked up to a monitor along with a mouse and keyboard, using the Microsoft Display Dock. Once connected, the phone’s user interface switches to an interface that looks like a Windows 10 desktop with Start menu and other elements.
The Microsoft Lumia 950 Dual SIM features a 5.2-inch QHD (1440×2560 pixels) ClearBlack Amoled display, offering a pixel density of 564ppi and also featuring Corning Gorilla Glass 3. Under the hood, the handset is powered by a hexa-core Snapdragon 808 processor clocked at 1.8GHz coupled with 3GB of RAM. There is 32GB of inbuilt storage and is expandable up to 200GB via microSD card. Backed by a 3000mAh removable battery, the handset sports a 20-megapixel rear camera with autofocus, OIS (optical image stabilisation), an f/1.9 aperture, and a triple-LED RGB flash module. There is a 5-megapixel front-facing camera as well. It measures 145×73.2×8.2mm and weighs 150 grams.

The Microsoft Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM, on the other hand, features a 5.7-inch QHD (1440×2560 pixels) ClearBlack Amoled display with a pixel density of 518ppi. It is powered by a 2GHz octa-core Snapdragon 810 processor coupled with 3GB of RAM. It packs 32GB storage and is expandable via microSD card (up to 200GB). The Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM features the same camera and flash module from the Lumia 950 and both the devices also sport a dedicated camera button as well. The Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM packs a large 3340mAh battery. It packs 151.9×78.4×8.1mm and weighs 165 grams. Both the Lumia 950 Dual SIM and Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM also support dual standby with Nano-SIM card support. The Lumia 950 XL also comes with liquid cooling.

The dual-SIM dual standby 4G-enabled smartphones support dual Nano-SIM cards and come with USB Type-C ports (USB 3.1). Both smartphones also support fast charging, capable of achieving 50 percent charge in 30 minutes.

Microsoft Lumia 950 Dual SIM, Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM Launched in India
Gadgets 360 Staff | Updated: Nov 30, 2015 13:45 IST
Microsoft Lumia 950 Dual SIM, Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM Launched in India
Microsoft, as promised, launched its first Windows 10 Mobile handsets – the Lumia 950 Dual SIM and Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM in India. The new Lumia flagships will be available from December 11 with ‘best buy’ prices of Rs. 43,699 and Rs. 49,399 respectively. Pre-order bookings start Monday, and the smartphones will be available to buy both online and via physical retail stores.

The Microsoft Display Dock, which has been launched at Rs. 5,999, will be bundled free with both phones while stocks last.

To recall, Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella announced at recently concluded Future Unveiled conference in Mumbai had announced plans to launch both its newly launched Windows 10 Mobile-powered handsets in India by December.
The company also showcased Windows 10 Continuum feature which makes smartphones essentially computers with a different operating system and interface. The two new Lumia handsets can be called mini-computers – in the traditional PC sense. With the Windows 10 Continuum feature, they can be hooked up to a monitor along with a mouse and keyboard, using the Microsoft Display Dock. Once connected, the phone’s user interface switches to an interface that looks like a Windows 10 desktop with Start menu and other element.
The Microsoft Lumia 950 Dual SIM features a 5.2-inch QHD (1440×2560 pixels) ClearBlack Amoled display, offering a pixel density of 564ppi and also featuring Corning Gorilla Glass 3. Under the hood, the handset is powered by a hexa-core Snapdragon 808 processor clocked at 1.8GHz coupled with 3GB of RAM. There is 32GB of inbuilt storage and is expandable up to 200GB via microSD card. Backed by a 3000mAh removable battery, the handset sports a 20-megapixel rear camera with autofocus, OIS (optical image stabilisation), an f/1.9 aperture, and a triple-LED RGB flash module. There is a 5-megapixel front-facing camera as well. It measures 145×73.2×8.2mm and weighs 150 grams.

The Microsoft Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM, on the other hand, features a 5.7-inch QHD (1440×2560 pixels) ClearBlack Amoled display with a pixel density of 518ppi. It is powered by a 2GHz octa-core Snapdragon 810 processor coupled with 3GB of RAM. It packs 32GB storage and is expandable via microSD card (up to 200GB). The Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM features the same camera and flash module from the Lumia 950 and both the devices also sport a dedicated camera button as well. The Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM packs a large 3340mAh battery. It packs 151.9×78.4×8.1mm and weighs 165 grams. Both the Lumia 950 Dual SIM and Lumia 950 XL Dual SIM also support dual standby with Nano-SIM card support. The Lumia 950 XL also comes with liquid cooling.

The dual-SIM dual standby 4G-enabled smartphones support dual Nano-SIM cards and come with USB Type-C ports (USB 3.1). Both smartphones also support fast charging, capable of achieving 50 percent charge in 30 minute.
Key Features:
Display 5.20-inch
Processor 1.8GHzFront
Camera 5-megapixel Resolution 1440×2560 pixels
RAM 3GB
OS Windows 10
Mobile Storage 32GB
Rear Camera 20-megapixel Battery capacity 3000mAh

With Node.js having become a critical cog at places such as PayPal and Wal-Mart, developers need to be mindful of securing their Node.js applications, technologists are advising.

The server-side JavaScript platform is now being used to protect the likes of financial transactions and other enterprise client data, said Adam Baldwin, chief security officer at security consulting firm ^Lift Security. Node.js shares security issues with its client-side brother, JavaScript, as well with other platforms, Baldwin said. “The core of Node is JavaScript, so Node inherits any concerns there might be with JavaScript. However, the execution context of V8, the JavaScript engine Node uses, is entirely different than a browser because it executes on the server. That difference adds some unique surface area [for attacks].
Mark Stuart, a senior UI engineer at PayPal, advises developers to use good security defaults and scanning of modules. “Node is still JavaScript, so eval and all the terrible things on the client side still exist on the server side,” Stuart said. (The eval function evaluates code represented as a string but poses the risk of running malicious code.)

The importance of security on Node.js has led to formation of the Node Security Project, headed by Baldwin, which wants to audit NPMs (Node packaged modules). Developers need to actively address common security issues in their code, using resources such as the OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project) Top 10, which includes cross-site scripting, cross-site request forgery, security misconfiguration, and unvalidated redirects and forwards.

WhatsApp has recently rolled out an update which allows users to chat in Urdu and Bengali languages.

The latest version 2.12.367 brings along a couple of other features like allowing users to mark chats as unread or read and rich preview which generates a preview of the URL being shared.

However, users will have an option to choose whether to share the preview or not.

Along with this, the latest WhatsApp update brings in other changes like allowing users to change the colour of emojis by just pressing a little longer.

The latest update also brings with it the ability to star a message by just tapping and holding on it in a chat. This helps users to easily find them later when required. This feature works much like a bookmark.

Also, the update brings in support for Android direct share which is compatible with Android 6.0 and above.

This new feature allows users to quickly choose a specific chat while content is being shared from other apps.

To recall, last month, WhatsApp had rolled out update which allowed users to backup conversations, photos and videos to Google Drive.

A Pakistani government website hacked by Indian hacker.

Team Indian Black Hats hacked around ten Pakistani websites, including a high profile Pakistan government website.

A group of Indian hackers, calling themselves the Indian Black Hats have launched a symbolic cyber attack against Pakistan for the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, by hacking into two government sites and around 10 non-government domains on Thursday, the fourth anniversary of the terror attacks.

According to one of the hackers, the attack which began in the wee hours of Thursday was led by ‘team Indian Black Hats’, a group of like-minded hackers from across the country. The same team was in cyber space from 2011 to 2013 under the name Indian Cyber Devils, and after a brief lull with members continuing to be active with various other hackers’ groups, had revived itself from January 2015.

The websites that the Indian Black Hats hacked till evening on Thursday were www.csd.gov.pk and www.mona.gov.pk, while a variety of non-government domains, including www.metroshoes.com.pk, as well were hacked by the Black Hats. The “attack” was launched as a tribute to the martyrs of 26/11, they said, adding that the “payback” was still on.

Incidentally, a similar group, Mallu Cyber Soldiers, had earlier hacked several Pakistani government websites in retaliation to an attack by Pakistani hackers on the Kerala government’s website in September apart from mounting a cyber war of sorts against websites that allegedly were part of online prostitution rackets.

The rumoured Nokia C1, the smartphone that has been in leaks since late last year, has now surfaced in a new render image on the Web. While all the leaks and rumours until now pointed out the handset to run Android with the company’s Z Launcher, the new render shows the smartphone to run Windows 10 OS as well – tipping the handset could be offered in two variants for the two operating systems.

The leaked image render for the Nokia C1 shows the handset in White, Gold, Pink, and Grey colour variants alongside two more units. While the unit in foreground is seen running the Nokia Z Launcher for Android, the one in the background (right side) is seen running Windows 10 Mobile. The tipster who leaked the image said (via Nokiapoweruser) that the handset will arrive in both OS versions.

In addition, while a leaked image from September showed the smartphone’s rear camera at the centre, the latest render shows it placed on the top-left corner. Since Nokia is still silent on the matter, the latest leaked render should be taken with a pinch of salt.

Going by past leaks and rumours, the Nokia C1 is tipped to include a 5-inch FHD display, an 8-megapixel rear camera, and a 5-megapixel front-facing shooter. It is said to run on Android 6.0 Marshmallow as well. Previous reports have suggested that the Nokia C1 will be powered by an Intel chipset and feature 2GB of RAM.

It needs to be pointed out that Nokia can’t use its brand on smartphones until Q4 2016, because of the acquisition of its devices and services division by Microsoft. Earlier this year, Nokia announced that it intends to get back in the smartphone business by licensing designs to hardware manufacturers. The Finnish-based technology company, which once held the pole position in the mobile handset market, lost its dominance with the rise of Apple and Android smartphones, and its decision to use Windows Phone as its operating system of choice instead of Android arguably speeded up its demise

Facebook founder’s sister leaves social networking site to form company with no goal or employees – yet Anyone who saw the film The Social Network would have no way of knowing that Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg has a sister. But now Randi Zuckerberg is generating headlines of her own – after six years working faithfully in her younger brother’s shadow as Facebook’s director of market development, she is jumping ship to set up an independent social media company.

The tech bloggers of Silicon Valley are rubbing their hands at the prospect of some sibling rivalry to follow on from the multiple lawsuits that the younger Zuckerberg – he’s 27, she’s 29 – has endured over the parentage of his wildly popular website.

But older business analysts wonder if this may not be the online equivalent of the great Dunkin’ Donuts rift of the 1950s, when one of the two original partners behind America’s most popular snackshops broke out on his own with the rival Mister Donut franchise. (They were later bought by the same corporate parent and reunited after close to 40 years.) More perplexed tech watchers wonder what Randi hopes to achieve that she hasn’t already done in one of the world’s most rapidly expanding companies. Her new outfit has a name, RtoZ Media, but no publicly defined goal, no employees and no fully functioning website – yet.

Randi is unlikely to be planning anything excessively controversial. She appears to have decided to have fun with her money and her instantly recognisable last name to branch out on her own, without doing anything to damage the Facebook brand she worked for so long to help establish.

“I’m proud of what I’ve done here … but I know I’ll be able to do just as much, or more, for Facebook once I’m on the outside,” she wrote in her resignation letter last week. She said her goal was “to launch my own innovative programming and work with media companies”, adding: “Facebook will clearly be a central element in all my projects.”

She might not have a reputation as a cutting-edge innovator like her brother, but Randi is no slouch. She, too, went to Harvard, graduating in psychology at about the time Mark was dropping out to focus full-time on the phenomenon he had unleashed. At first, she thought she would study to be a cantor – the singer who accompanies the rabbi in Jewish services – but changed her mind when it became clear there was an irresistible new family business to join.

In Silicon Valley, she has always had a reputation as someone unafraid to let her hair down and have a good time. A few years ago, she made a music video, celebrating the demise of the erstwhile Facebook rival Friendster with a tongue-in-cheek ditty called Valleyfreude.

She has sung periodically since, and written a column for Tina Brown’s online publication The Daily Beast. Her sense of fun is strictly of the non-scandalous variety, however: she has been with her husband, venture capitalist Brent Tworetzky, since they were both at Harvard. In her professional life, she has worked hardest to marry Facebook with numerous traditional media initiatives – broadcasting a presidential debate in 2008, bringing the World Economic Forum in Davos to Facebook’s global audience and launching Facebook Live, which she used to relay a town hall meeting held by President Barack Obama.

Does that qualify her as a high-flyer on a par with her brother or Steve Jobs? Not exactly. But it probably sets her up nicely as a high-profile consultant to the great and the good of corporate America, who want to understand how to integrate social media into their marketing and customer outreach plans.

Just a couple of days before she resigned, Randi argued at a round-table discussion hosted by Marie Claire magazine that the best way to police social networking sites was to oblige everyone to use their real names. That did not endear her to the more radical online community, which believes anonymity and identity-shifting are all part of the great experiment of the internet.

It did, however, send a reassuring message to conservatively inclined executives who might otherwise be nervous of embracing a communication tool over which they have limited control. She is likely to be talking to a lot of those people in the coming weeks and months.

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